domingo, 11 de enero de 2015

Update light visual curve of comet C/2014 Q2 LOVEJOY ( Analysis V )

Hi , recent update the light visual and ccd curve of comet C/2014 Q2 LOVEJOY , the comet continue the increase of brightness , my last anaysis indicate variation of activity index of d(n)= -0.5 , the rate of increment continue high for this comet , n=9.7 , the power law is R^-9 , the normal power law is R^-4 , the formula general analyzed by Navarro Pina is m1= 2.9 + 5 log (delta) + 24.4 log (R) , the ICQ / MPC formula is m1= 4.0 + 5 log (delta) + 21.0 log (R) , the light curve is based in 828 from MPC/IAU , Comet Obs , Comet base , COBS , LIADA and observadorescometas original sources . * Preliminar results of comet C/2014 Q2 LOVEJOY * Calculated Mass , Diameter , Water rate production , and Fraction of active surface Area ( FASA ) Based in the work of Masses of long period comets ( A. Sosa , J.Fdez. 2011 ) , Analysis by J.P.Navarro Pina. * Water rate production log10 Q ( H2O ) = 10^-29.38 mol s-1 > 3.500 kgs /sec ( 3.5 tons / sec. ) Diameter ( km) * log10 D ( kms ) = 1.123 * log 10 M ( kgs ) = 13.96 For comparison : C/2004 Q2 .... log10 M ( kg ) = 13.0 C/2002 V1 NEAT .....log10 M ( kg) = 12.8 * Fraction of Active Surface Area = 3.1 For comparison : C/2004 Q2 , C/2007 W1 ..... FASA = 2.5 ** Note : These results are based on theoretical models and should be taken with caution .

sábado, 27 de diciembre de 2014

update light visual curve of comet C/2014 Q2 LOVEJOY ( Analysis IV )

Update 27/12/2014 Analysis of the light visual and ccd curve of comet C/2014 Q2 LOVEJOY based in 567 observations from COBS , comet obs , LIADA , observadorescometas .

martes, 16 de diciembre de 2014


Based in 511 observations ccd+visual of comet from MPC database , Comet Obs , LIADA , and observadorescometas , update the new light curve of comet C/2014 Q2 LOVEJOY , continue fast increase of visual magnitude and probable state of outburts , my personal analysis indicate several possible outburts for this comet and lack confirmation , the activity index continue high n=10.3 ( 15/12/14 ) and absolute magnitude m0=+2.5 in r = 1,4 au . if you continue this rapid increase in brightness could have magnitude +4.1 in January -2015 , the Afro production is high rate actually ~ 4.200 cms ( From Cometas Obs data ) , dust rate production is typically of great comets , the comet masses computed for C/2014 Q2 , in comparison of comet 2P/ and 10P/ . The possible calculates active surface areas f > ~ 2.4 for this comet . The pre-perihelion formula general calculated is based in 93 visual's observations , thank all's visuals observers , great job .

lunes, 8 de diciembre de 2014

Update the light visual and ccd curve of comet C/2014 Q2 LOVEJOY ( Analysis II )

Good notices from this comet , continue show high rate of increase of brightness based in my personal calculates and personal analysis from 66 visuals observations and total of 354 ccds and visuals observations from Comet Obs , ICQ , LIADA and observadorescometas group , the absolute magnitude is m0=+2.5 and activity index is high comparate others comets n=10.3 and power law R^(-10.3) , the probability of maximum visual magnitude in T-20 days is m1 ~ +4.1 , the visible naked-eye and easy for binoculars .

jueves, 27 de noviembre de 2014


Analyzing the graph of this comet, the results of my analysis 3 major explosions throw dust in the cometary nucleus at R = 2.3, 2.1, and 1.58 ua, with increases included in the ranges of 200 < Afro < 400 cms. dust, so it is probable, and nothing ruled that the comet suffer more 'outburst' of this type make up much brightness.

lunes, 10 de noviembre de 2014

First Observations of the Surfaces of Objects from the Oort Cloud

Astronomers are announcing today the discovery of two unusual objects in comet-like orbits that originate in the Oort cloud but with almost no activity, giving scientists a first look at their surfaces. These results, presented today at the annual meeting of the Division of Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society in Tucson, Arizona, are particularly intriguing because the surfaces are different from what astronomers expected, and they give us clues about the movement of material in the early solar system as the planets were assembled. On August 4, 2013 an apparently asteroidal object, C/2013 P2 Pan-STARRS, was discovered by the Pan STARRS1 survey telescope (PS1) on Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii. What made this object unique is its orbit – that of a comet coming from the Oort cloud, with an orbital period greater than 51 million years, yet no cometary activity was seen. The Oort cloud is a spherical halo of comet nuclei in the outer solar system that extends to about 100,000 times the Earth-sun distance, which is known as 1 astronomical unit, or 1 AU. “Objects on long-period orbits like this usually exhibit cometary tails, for example comet ISON and comet Hale Bopp, so we immediately knew this object was unusual,” explained team leader Dr. Karen Meech (Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa). “I wondered if this could be the first evidence of movement of solar system building blocks from the inner solar system to the Oort cloud.” Follow-up observations in September 2013 with the 8-meter Gemini North telescope on Maunakea, Hawaii, hinted at faint, low-level light reflected off a dusty tail. This tail remained through the object’s closest approach to the sun (2.8 times the Earth-sun distance, within the outer asteroid belt) in February 2014, but the object didn’t get much brighter. When the object was observable again in the spring, the team used the Gemini North telescope to obtain a spectrum of the surface, which showed that it was very red, completely different from comet or asteroid surfaces, and more like the surface of an ultra-red Kuiper belt object. “We had never seen a naked (inactive) Oort cloud comet, but Jan Oort hypothesized their existence back in 1950 when he inferred the existence of what we now call the Oort cloud. Oort suggested that these bodies might have a layer of “volatile frosting” left over from 4.5 billion years of space radiation that disappears after their first pass through the inner solar system. Maybe we are seeing the first evidence of this,” said Dr. Olivier Hainaut of the European Southern Observatory. While the team analyzed their observations of comet C/2013 P2 Pan-STARRS, a second object was discovered. C/2014 S3 Pan-STARRS was discovered through the NASA-sponsored Near Earth Object Survey on the PS1 telescope on September 22, 2014. Like C/2013 P2 Pan-STARRS, it was on the same type of cometary orbit and also showed minimal activity. Team member Dr. Richard Wainscoat (IfA, UHM) commented, “With PS1 now exclusively involved in surveying the solar system for Near Earth Objects (NEOs), we expect to find many fascinating objects. This will help revolutionize our understanding of the early solar system.”